Society of King Charles the Martyr

The Society of King Charles the Martyr commemorates the martyrdom of Charles I, King of England, Ireland and Scotland; and of France and Jerusalem also, by whose death the Catholic Faith of the Anglican Communion was preserved from Puritan intentions. St. Charles refused to resign both his faith in the apostolic order, as established by Christ Himself, and the authority of his bishops to the Puritan Roundheads, led by Oliver Cromwell, the sometime (and illegal) Lord Protector. The Roundheads committed regicide against Blessed Charles on 30 January 1649 outside the Banqueting House of Whitehall Palace. Immediately upon the Restoration of Church and King on 29 May 1660, the Convocation of Canterbury and York, now being free to assemble and act, canonised King Charles and added his name to the Kalendar of Saints at the revision of The Prayer Book. S. Charles is honoured for his strong personal piety, for his protection and patronage of the Church, and his martyrdom.